And inflammation has been implicated in all phases of the process from initiation through progression and complication. JAMA ; ; — As a Type 1. These multimolecular packages consist of a hydrophobic core containing cholesteryl esters and triglyceride, surrounded by a hydrophilic surface layer of phospholipids, proteins and some free cholesterol. Kaip apsaugoti akis Atsipalaiduokite nuo monitoriaus ar televizoriaus ekrano akinimo ir būdami lauke dėvėkite nuo UV spindulių apsaugotus akinius nuo saulės.
The cholesterol test helps identify possible narrowing or occlusion of the arteries atherosclerosis. High cholesterol is often a significant risk factor for coronary artery disease.
Cholesterol testing is important because high levels of it usually do not cause any symptoms. A comprehensive cholesterol test is performed to determine if cholesterol is high and to assess the risk of developing heart attacks and other cardiovascular diseases. Triglycerides TG Triglycerides are lipids we call fats.
They are the main source of fatty acids and energy for the body. Triglycerides enter the body through food or are produced by the body itself. Fatty acids are essential for the body's processes, but too much triglyceride in the blood increases the risk of a heart attack.
Creatinine CREA Creatinine is a product of the body's waste in the blood that results from muscle activity. It is usually removed from the blood by the kidneys, but creatinine levels increase womens health man vitaminas diabetas heart we kidney function slows down.
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Screen reader support enabled. Vitamin D3 Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium and phosphorus and protects bones from thinning, osteoporosis and rickets. D is involved hipertenzijos išvados keitimo kursas growth and maturation processes, is crucial for the body's immunity - studies show that vit.
D reduces the risk of allergies, womens health man vitaminas diabetas heart we, kidney, autoimmune and heart disease, respiratory infections, and even malignancies.
Overdose vit. D may develop hypercalcemia, kidney disease, atherosclerosis. You may also suffer from fatigue, weight fluctuations, nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite. It is essential that you do not take vit for at least 3 days before the test. D supplements because they may distort the results of a laboratory blood test. HCT hematocrit The hematocrit index shows what percentage of the total blood volume is taken up by blood cells.
The hematocrit value is directly related to the number of erythrocytes, as erythrocytes make up Increased hematocrit means an increase in blood viscosity more erythrocytes, less liquid in the plasma. This makes the work of the heart very difficult. Decreased hematocrit indicates a decrease in the number of red blood cells in the blood, which usually means anemia. RDW erythrocyte distribution according to size The difference between the smallest and largest erythrocyte is anisocytosis.
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Its causes are anemia, reaction to iron treatment many normal and small red blood cells appearfrequent blood transfusions.
Increases in the number of lymphocytes in the blood are usually caused by viral as well as chronic infections such as tuberculosis, syphilis, or brucellosis. However, some viral infections, such as HIV, hepatitis, or influenza, can cause a decrease in lymphocyte counts. Zinc deficiency, protein loss, radiation, chemotherapy, immunosuppressants can also lead to a decrease in their number. They are of two types: adult and immature - only released bone marrow cells, produced in small quantities to replace old forms when there is a lack of mature cells in the blood or a sudden increase in the body's need for leukocytes.
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When large amounts of immature granulocytes are seen in a blood test, it means that the immune system is under the influence of a pathogenic environment - usually caused by infectious diseases, allergic reactions, inflammatory processes and autoimmune disorders. HDL DTL cholesterol High-density lipoprotein HDL cholesterol is also called "good" cholesterol because it helps eliminate "bad" cholesterol, thus keeping the arteries open and allowing blood to flow freely.
When liver cells are damaged, they secrete ALT into the blood.
High levels of ALT in the blood may indicate liver failure even before signs of liver disease appear, so an ALT blood test may be useful for blogos širdies sveikatos simptomai detection of liver disease.
Calcium Ca Calcium is one of the most important minerals in the human body, contained in the bones, involved in the process of blood clotting, important in the use of iron in hematopoiesis, necessary for the normal functioning of the nervous system, heart, and other muscles. When calcium levels fall, osteoporosis and rickets develop.
WBC leukocytes Leukocytes, called white blood cells, are an expression of the womens health man vitaminas diabetas heart we immune system's response to a possible disease.
An increase in their concentration suggests that an inflammatory process, such as a bacterial infection, is being fought by the immune system. In some cases, changes in leukocyte counts, usually a marked increase, suggest the presence of an oncological blood disease. MCV mean erythrocyte volume An important indicator for the classification of anemia and treatment follow-up.
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MCV rises due to vitamin B12, folic acid deficiency, in the presence of toxic liver damage. A slight increase is caused by smoking, alcohol, use of contraceptives. In chronic anemia, long-term Fe deficiency, MCV decreases with lead poisoning.
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PLT platelets Platelets are the smallest particles in the blood that are responsible for blood clotting. Increases in their concentrations can be caused by a variety of factors, from stress and increased physical activity to chronic infections and oncological diseases. Decreases in platelet counts can also be caused by a variety of health conditions.
Often, the decrease in these blood particles is caused by the use of medications and hormonal preparations, as well as viral or oncological diseases. MO monocytes Performs the role of macrophages, has high activity in the inactivation of toxins formed in inflammatory foci, participates in the formation of antibodies, cytokines.
TB, paratyphoid infection, syphilis, chronic inflammation, monocytic leukemia, tumors especially increase the number of MOs. Monocyte proliferation in the recovery period after infections is a good prognosis.
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EO eosinophils An increase in the number of eosinophils in the blood makes it possible to suspect a possible allergic reaction, especially a drug as well as a parasitic infection, some diseases of the skin, and connective tissue, such as rheumatoid arthritis, adrenal insufficiency. If this balance is upset, it can be a sign of a serious illness. MCH mean hemoglobin content erythrocytes An important indicator for the classification of anemias.
Liver damage, parasites in the intestine, stomach diseases, vegetarian food, chronic alcoholism increase the rate, and iron deficiency, chronic inflammation, tumors, tuberculosis - decrease. RBC erythrocytes Erythrocytes, or red blood cells, carry oxygen and other blood gases. When the number of red blood cells in the blood increases, it indicates that the internal organs are not supplied with enough oxygen, which can be caused by various heart, lung, kidney diseases, hormonal imbalances, or dehydration, so a more detailed examination is necessary.
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Decreased erythrocyte counts are characteristic of anemia, which can also have a variety of causes, such as iron, vitamin B12 or folic acid deficiency, and various other chronic or parasitic diseases, so more research is needed to determine the true cause of the red blood cell count.
Magnesium Mg Excess magnesium can be detected in kidney failure. In case of magnesium deficiency, nerve and muscle function is impaired, which is characterized by increased irritability, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness.
This test is usually given in combination with ALT. If the AST level is abnormal and the ALT level is normal, the problem is more likely due to a disorder of the heart or muscular system than because of the liver. Too much of it in the blood causes the accumulation of fat deposits plaques in the arteries atherosclerosiswhich reduces blood flow. These plaques can rupture and cause a heart attack or stroke.
Blood sugar is usually controlled by a hormone called insulin. However, if you have diabetes, your body either does not make enough insulin or the insulin produced does not work properly. As a result, sugar builds up in the blood. Elevated blood sugar levels left untreated can cause serious organ damage. This test can also detect low blood glucose, which can also cause damage to the body. High levels of CRP in the blood are a sign of inflammation. This can lead to a wide range of conditions, from infection to tumor processes, so a more detailed examination is needed in the presence of an elevated CRP marker.
Jeigu jis neatitiks normų, gydytojas rekomenduos kreiptis į gyd. HGB hemoglobin Hemoglobin is closely linked to erythrocytes, a protein that supplies oxygen to the body's tissues.
Usually, it is the decrease in hemoglobin that is the first signal to suspect anemia, usually iron deficiency, because the hemoglobin in the blood decreases much faster than erythrocytes, and iron is one of its most important components. MCHC mean hemoglobin concentration in erythrocytes Increases very rarely decrease when hemoglobin synthesis is impaired.
NE neutrophils Neutrophils are the highest concentration of leukocytes, whose main function is to fight infection.
Infections of neutrophils are usually caused by infectious diseases, but increases in the concentration of these particles can also be observed in connective tissue or malignancies following myocardial infarction and lead poisoning.
Decreased neutrophil counts are rare in adults and are usually caused by viral infections, vitamin B12, folic acid deficiency, radiation, or malignancies. BA basophils These blood cells are involved in rapid allergic reactions, during which the concentration of basophils is significantly increased.
This makes you suspect an allergy to medications, food, or other household stimuli. In contrast, basophil counts decline in potentially rheumatoid arthritis under high stress in women during ovulation.
A ferritin test helps your doctor understand how much iron your body is accumulating. If a ferritin test shows that your blood ferritin levels are lower than they should, it indicates that your body has low levels of iron and you have an iron deficiency that needs to be corrected. Potassium K Potassium is a vital trace element that ensures the normal response of nerve and muscle cells to external stimuli, the transmission of nerve impulses in the human širdies ir kraujagyslių ligos ir hipertenzija. Extracellular potassium is important for normal carbohydrate and protein metabolism.
In a healthy person, a constant serum potassium level is maintained.
Changes in potassium balance can lead to disorders of the heart, kidneys, muscles, nervous and digestive systems, and the development of various diseases. Potassium test is usually performed to assess electrolyte balance in cardiovascular disease, renal failure. Natrium Na Natrium is one of the main cationic electrolytes in the body, it helps to control the amount of water in the body, ensures smooth muscle and nerve activity.
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We get natrium with food and drink, and eliminate it with urine and sweat. Disorders of natrium levels in the blood are usually due to excessive salt intake, insufficient water intake, chronic kidney disease, diarrhea, vomiting. There is scientific evidence that high natrium concentrations influence the development of autoimmune diseases.